Bladder pain can be caused by a variety of pathologies affecting the bladder, the urethra, pelvic organs, but the commonest cause of bladder pain is interstitial cystitis (a chronic bladder disorder that causes increased frequency of urination, urinating at night, and lower abdominal pain).
The urinary bladder is membranous sac whose primary purpose is to retain the urine generated by the body at the kidneys and discharge it out of the body through the urethra when it is full enough. It takes a “balloon form” and is located at the pelvis area. When full, the bladder swells forming a round shape that contracts upon releasing the urine. The desire to urinate is occasioned by the nerves from the bladder which convey a message to the brain signaling that it is full and that urine needs to be released. The bladder of a normal and healthy human being can store up to 2 cups of urine, for up to 5 hours. Having succinctly analyzed the functions of the bladder, the importance of this organ cannot be overemphasized. It helps in removing toxic substances that would otherwise harm the body if not flushed out.
In context, what then are the common causes of bladder pain?
Three main causes of bladder pain have over the years been identified. At the onset however, I wish to state that any person experiencing bladder pain should seek professional help from a physician as the consequences of ignoring the pain can be hazardous. A proper diagnosis should be obtained from a doctor and the problem tackled from its root source; and not merely treating symptoms. Back to our major topic of discussion, the major causes of bladder pain can be addressed as follows:
1. Bladder Cancer
Even the mention of the name instills fear in most people. Bladder cancer is a malignant state occurring at the epithelial lining of the Urinary bladder. It leads to the production of abnormal cells at the bladder which multiply thus hindering the normal functions of the bladder. This causes bladder pain and pigments of blood are normally visible in the urine of patients suffering from this condition. The pain is mostly encountered during urination. Bladder cancer is treated through surgery or by means of the highly dreaded procedure of chemotherapy.
2. Interstitial cystitis
Commonly referred to as bladder pain syndrome, Interstitial cystitis is an anomaly at the Urinary bladder that is characterized by severe pain during urination and a need to urinate frequently. The bladder pain is engendered by the inflammation of the tissues of the bladder wall. This disease has often been misdiagnosed to pass as a Urinary Tract Infection. Patients have suffered because of the confusion surrounding it and a great number of them have suffered irreparably as they lack a proper medication. Even though the condition has no precise treatment, Elmiron has been accepted as a standard medication to counteract the debilitating effects of the disease. Interstitial Cystitis does not discriminate between the sexes and it affects men as it does women.
3. Urinary Tract Infection
This is the third most common cause of bladder pain; and as the name suggests, it may be described as a bacterial infection that attacks the urinary tract causing severe pain during urination. Commonly referred to as “UTI” this infection may affect other organs in the urinary system such as the kidneys and the urethra. The bacterial infection is caused by germs which are in the large intestines of the body. Unlike the other two conditions mentioned herein above, UTI is not as fatal as its counterparts. If not properly treated however, it may spread towards the kidneys and this could be life threatening.
Just to recap, the three most common causes of bladder pare Urinary Tract Infection, Interstitial cystitis and Bladder Cancer. Medical treatment should be sought as soon as such pains and symptoms are experienced.